Mckinsey’s 7s Framework

Business TraineeshipA business traineeship introduces you to the McKinsey 7s model of organisational structure. The model is based on the theory that, for an organisation to perform well, these seven elements need to be aligned and mutually reinforcing. So the model can be used to help identify what needs to be realigned to improve performance, or to maintain alignment (and performance) during other types of change.

The McKinsey 7s model involves seven interdependent factors which are categorized as either “hard” or “soft” elements:

  • Strategy: the plan devised to maintain and build competitive advantage over the competition
  • Structure: the way the organisation is structured and who reports to whom
  • Systems: the daily activities and procedures that staff members engage in to get the job done
  • Shared Values: called “superordinates goals” when the model was first developed, these are the core values of the company that are evidenced in the corporate culture and the general work ethic
  • Style: the style of leadership adopted
  • Staff: the employees and their general capabilities
  • Skills: the actual skills and competencies of the employees working for the company

Hard Elements

Soft Elements

“Hard” elements are easier to define or identify and management can directly influence them. These are strategy statements, organisation charts and reporting lines, and formal processes and IT systems.


“Soft” elements, on the other hand, can be more difficult to describe, and are less tangible and more influenced by culture. However, these soft elements are as important as the hard elements if the organisation is going to be successful.


Shared Values







Undertaking a traineeship in business studies will assist you structure the operations of your organisation by using models such as the McKinsey 7s Framework.